Fundamentals of disc replacement surgery explained

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Fundamentals of disc replacement surgery explained
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Aged persons usually complain of back pain.  Human spine consists of 33 discs stacked one over the other. The spinal column acts as the main support for human body allowing it to stand upright, twist and bend. They are comparatively larger in size as they have to absorb the stress of carrying and lifting heavy loads. Injuries caused to these vertebrae due to old age, accidents, and diseases can cause severe pain known as low back pain. In the beginning of this disease, back pain specialist may opt for conservative treatments like medication and physical therapy.

If back pain of a patient is caused as a result of continuous sitting for long periods at the desk in the office, it will be beneficial if some adjustments can be made to give better back support or even using a new chair can be considered as an option for reducing the back pain. Sitting upright on a fitness ball is another thing that can be tried to get relief form back pain. This necessitates small adjustments for weight redistribution which has good and useful effects on the muscles involved in the back pain

If no relief from symptoms is achieved even after conservative treatment for about six or more, local orthopedic doctors may suggest disc replacement surgery. This is a proven method for getting relief from pain and in restoring the functions of your lumbar region of the spine. This procedure is generally known as artificial disc replacement and sometimes it is referred as total disc replacement.

Diskectomy

In this procedure the bulging portion of the disc is removed to relieve the irritation and pain of the nerve. This process involves partial or full disc removal of the back of the vertebra so that the ruptured disk becomes accessible.

Fusion

Two or more bones in the spine are fused together to provide better mobility to the spine. The vertebrae above and below the damaged vertebra are fused together by the back pain specialist so that they act as one unit. The damaged disc is given rest and pain reduction is obtained sacrificing the full mobility of the damaged vertebra.

Laminectomy

In this procedure local orthopedic doctors remove the bone overlying the spinal canal. It enlarges the spinal cavity and relieves the nerve pressure produced by spinal stenosis.

Artificial discs

This procedure is carried out as an alternative to spinal fusion. In this procedure the damaged disc is replaced by a prosthesis made of medical grade steel.

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